P-ISSN 2587-2400 | E-ISSN 2587-196X
EJMO. 2023; 7(2): 135-142 | DOI: 10.14744/ejmo.2023.19019

Association of Leucocyte Telomere Length with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Risk and Prognosis

Imane EL Alami1, Amina Gihbid2, Meryem El Azzouzi3, Hicham Charoute4, Selma Mohamed Brahim4, Nezha Tawfiq5, Nadia Benchakroun5, Abdellatif Benider5, Meriem Khyatti1
1Laboratory of Viral Oncology, Institut Pasteur du Maroc, Casablanca, Morocco Laboratory of Viral Oncology, Institut Pasteur du Maroc, Casablanca, Morocco, 2Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Molecular Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Sciences Ain Chock, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco., 3Biology and Medical Research Unit, National Center of Energy, Nuclear Sciences and Techniques Rabat, Morocco., 4Laboratory of Viral Oncology, Institut Pasteur du Maroc, Casablanca, Morocco, 5Mohammed VI Center for Cancer Treatment, Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco.,

Objectives: Cancer development and/or progression can be imputed to telomere shortening or lengthening. The current research was planned to assess the relation between leucocyte telomere length (LTL) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) development, and to evaluate the association between this biomarker and patients' clinical outcomes, mainly response to chemo-radiotherapy, survival and EBV-DNA load. Methods: Leucocyte telomere length was measured using a singleplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method in 104 NPC patients and 52 healthy controls. The association between LTL and NPC development was assessed using a Khi-deux test. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by conditional logistic regression to evaluate the relationship LTL and patientís characteristics. The correlation between LTL and 4-years patientís survival outcomes was assessed by KaplanĖMeier and Cox-regression analyses. Results: Data analysis revealed a significant association between LTL and risk of NPC development (p<0.0001). LTL was also significantly associated with gender (p=0.003), cigarette smoking (p=0.02) and pre-EBV-DNA load (p=0.017) in NPC. However, no significant association was obtained between LTL and age, alcohol consumption, TNM classification, disease stage, response to chemo-radiotherapy and survival outcomes of NPC patients (p>0.05). Conclusion: The study finding highlighted the close association between LTL and NPC development and showed a significant association with gender, cigarette smoking and pre-EBV-DNA load, suggesting that LTL could be a promising biomarker for better management of NPC in Morocco. Nevertheless, more studies are needed to highlight the value of LTL as a biomarker for the prediction of the response to treatment and prognosis of NPC. Keywords: Clinical outcomes, leucocyte telomere length, Morocco, nasopharyngeal carcinoma


Cite This Article

Alami I, Gihbid A, Azzouzi M, Charoute H, Brahim S, Tawfiq N, et al. Association of Leucocyte Telomere Length with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Risk and Prognosis. EJMO. 2023; 7(2): 135-142

Corresponding Author: Meriem Khyatti

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