P-ISSN 2587-2400 | E-ISSN 2587-196X
EJMO. 2019; 3(3): 219-223 | DOI: 10.14744/ejmo.2019.53051

Interstitial lung disease in Dermatomyositis Complicated by Right Ventricular Thrombus secondary to macrophage activation syndrome

Namrata Paul1, Rahul Vasudev1, Chandra Chandran1
1St. Joseph's Healthcare and Rehab Center Ringgold standard institution - Medicine paterson, New Jersey, United States

Course of dermatomyositis (DM) can be complicated by multi organ failure, by complex pathophysiological mech-anisms involving auto antibodies. Pulmonary complications are the leading cause of mortality, accounting for 30% deaths. There is a strong association between DM and interstitial lung disease (ILD); clinically amyopathic dermato-myositis (CADM) has stronger association with ILD as compared to classic form of DM. ILD can be in the form of fibros-ing alveolitis, interstitial pneumonia and desquamative interstitial pneumonia or diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. Auto antibodies linked to ILD are anti Jo-1, PL12, PL7, EJ, and OJ and anti Mi 2. Our case describes a fifty three years old woman who presented with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infection, di-agnosed with CADM on the basis of typical skin rash and polyarthritis and anti-CADM 140 antibodies. Systemic steroid therapy (initiated after ruling out sepsis) failed to provide improvement. Medical course was complicated by multisys-tem involvement (respiratory failure, cerebral edema, renal failure, coagulopathy, hepatic failure and thromboembolism). Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed thrombus in right ventricle which was the result of prothrombotic state. Keywords: Amyopathic dermatomyositis, myositis, macrophage activation syndrome, right ventricular thrombus, thromboembolism in dermatomyositis


Cite This Article

Paul N, Vasudev R, Chandran C. Interstitial lung disease in Dermatomyositis Complicated by Right Ventricular Thrombus secondary to macrophage activation syndrome. EJMO. 2019; 3(3): 219-223

Corresponding Author: Paul N.

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