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Eurasian Journal of Medicine and Oncology Does Sex Predict the Development of Mediastinitis? [EJMO]
EJMO. 2018; 2(1): 1-7 | DOI: 10.14744/ejmo.2017.33042

Does Sex Predict the Development of Mediastinitis?

Selen Ozturk1, Ibrahim Ozturk2
1Department of Cardivascular Surgery, Dr. Siyami Ersek Cardithoracic Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Anesthesiology, Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Objectives: We aimed to analyze whether sex was a risk factor for the development of mediastinitis after cardiac surgery.
Methods: Literature screening was performed using PubMed database without date limitation. Trial results were evaluated with random or fixed-effect model according to the heterogeneity. Statistical evaluation was performed.
Results: In total, 4044 articles were obtained after database searching. Of all these articles, 32 articles containing 1.11.303 patients, which satisfied the inclusion criteria, were included in the meta-analysis. The rate of mediastinitis was 2.19%. The effect size was observed as heterogeneous (Q: 89.09, df(Q): 31, p: 0.00, I2: 65.20%). Analysis results according to the random effect model were as follows: OR (odds ratio), 1.09; 95% CI, 0.90–1.32; and p=0.34 (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The results of the quantitative analysis showed that a patient’s sex does not predict the development of mediastinitis after cardiac surgery for children and/or adults.

Keywords: Cardiac surgery, mediastinitis, meta-analysis, sex

Selen Ozturk, Ibrahim Ozturk. Does Sex Predict the Development of Mediastinitis?. EJMO. 2018; 2(1): 1-7

Corresponding Author: Selen Ozturk, Türkiye
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