Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and perinatal outcomes of pregnant women who require hospitalization due to acute gastroenteritis.
Methods: Clinical and perinatal outcomes of 108 pregnant women who required hospitalization due to acute gastroenteritis in Maternal and Fetal Medicine Unit and 110 healthy pregnant women who were admitted to Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Womans Health Education and Research Hospital between January 2014 and March 2015 were evaluated.
Results: No statistically significant difference was observed between the groups with respect to the age, educational status, body mass index, gravida, parity, number of abortions, smoking status, history of preterm delivery, consumption of dairy products and coffee, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, white blood cell count, type of delivery, and sex (p>0.05). Although higher fast food consumption (31.8% vs 45.4%, p=0.040), well and tap water consumption (0.9% vs 7.4% and 12.7% vs 37.0% p=0.001), preterm labor (8.2% vs 24.1%, p=0.003), preterm premature rupture of membranes (5.5% vs 14.8%, p=0.025), elevated serum C-reactive protein values (4.20+0.89 mg/L vs 11.73+9.64 mg/L, p=0.001), and admission to newborn intensive care unit (9.2% vs 24.5%, p=0.005) were observed in the gastroenteritis group, lower gestational week (38.29+1.22 vs 37.33+2.81, p=0.001) and birth weight (3475.82+320.34 g vs 3285.65+588.44 g, p=0.004) were observed.
Conclusion: Gastroenteritis, which requires hospitalization during pregnancy, may lead to preterm delivery and low birth weight. Prospective studies are needed to confirm our results.